Friday, May 22, 2020

Margaret Chase Smith’s “Declaration of Conscience”

In the â€Å"Declaration of Conscience,† Margaret Chase Smith addresses the American public and the United States Senate during a time of political unrest. Communist accusations and a â€Å"national feeling of fear† has brought upon this speech. Even with an upcoming election, the Republican Party decides a freshman woman senator would speak to the public, an uncommon practice at the time . In this paper, I will argue that Margaret Chase Smith’s â€Å"Declaration of Conscience† proves her credibility as a woman politician. Smith uses a masculine tone, simple diction, and repetition to prove to Americans and the Senate that she is a strong political figure. Margaret Chase Smith began her political career when a woman in Congress was a rarity. She†¦show more content†¦Firstly, she uses an unemotional tone to promote her credibility as a woman politician. Instead of using flowery language and going into a fit of hysteria, which the audience expected from a woman speaker, she used concise vocabulary and kept a level head. She speaks â€Å"briefly and simply† to also show the urgency of this crisis facing the nation. In addition, she states, â€Å"I don’t want to see the Republican Party ride to political victory on the Four Horsemen of Calumny—Fear, Ignorance, Bigotry, and Smear.† This shows the audience that she wants a Republican victory, but without using tactics of the Democrats. Margaret Chase Smith remains poised, proving this is not a fit of hysteria, which gains credibility from the American public. Secondly, Margaret Chase Smith uses simple diction to help the audience understand her viewpoints and her ideals as a politician. She states, â€Å"I would like to speak briefly and simply about a serious national condition.† Margaret Chase Smith does not want to hide behind eloquent language to confuse the American public into her believing her values. Instead, she uses common vocabulary and even warns the audience in her introduction of her speech. Because she uses this rhetorical strategy, the Americans feel that she is speaking only of the truth, creating confidence in her morality and a sense of credibility as a politician. Senator Smith then states, â€Å"I speak asShow MoreRelatedMargaret Chase Smith Thesis Statement1058 Words   |  5 PagesTo Margaret Chase Smith, â€Å"The right way is not always the popular and easy way. Standing for right when it is unpopular is a true test of moral character† (â€Å"Margaret Chase Smith Quotes†). Despite her c ompelling speech of 1950, Declaration of Conscience, the legacy of Margaret Chase Smith is too often overlooked in history books. As President John Fitzgerald Kennedy once said, â€Å"True political courage, the readiness to campaign for one’s beliefs at the risk of one’s friends, fortune, and contentmentRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 Pagessanctioned by these myths. In brief, the charismatic leader is charismatic, because, in the breakdown of other means of legitimizing authority, he is able to evoke and associate with himself the sacred symbols of the culture.80 Richard H. Dekmejian and Margaret J. Wyszomirski express a similar point of view: â€Å"The revolutionary nature of the message does not preclude the selective incorporation of certain of the prevailing values and symbols. In this sense there is continuity between old and new: the leader

Friday, May 8, 2020

Corrections The Controversies Of Offenders - 901 Words

Community Corrections: The Controversies of Offenders Sentenced to Probation or Parole When the English common law emerged, it declared that the King had the ultimate authority over children, and; thus, children were assets. Throughout centuries, children were considered â€Å"little adults,† and â€Å"property,† consequently, exploitation of children as laborers was a customary occurrence. Families who were in severe poverty saw child labor as a necessity (Davin, 2008). During colonial times, children were perceived as â€Å"property of the parents,† hence, parents were allowed to â€Å"classify their children as stubborn and seek state punishment, including capital punishment† (Hinton, Sims, Adams, West, 2007). The critical issue that arose from that belief was that children were no longer viewed as small and innocent instead they were judged as adults. Over the years, theories and laws continue to evolve, but is there a benefit when offenders, regardless of whether they are children, juveniles, and/or adults are given the opportunity to partially or completely bypass certain sanctions of their punishment? In recent years, the various media sources have established the fact that prison overcrowding is a major issue in the United States. The more concerns that society has with prisons overcrowding, the higher the expenses are for the taxpayers of the community; thus, the use of community corrections programs has increased. Community corrections programs are frequently used as a method toShow MoreRelatedDefinition Of Adult Probation And Parole953 Words   |  4 PagesStates† (Community Corrections (Probation and Parole), 2015). Such census would provide valuable information regarding the current state of the community corrections program: probation. As stated before in this research, both probation and parole have imperfections which prevent further controversies to arise. Nonetheless, these two programs remain the two most commonly sought out community corrections programs since as early as the 18th century. Controversies with Community Corrections: Probation andRead MoreCommunity Corrections1082 Words   |  5 PagesCommunity corrections is a range of alternative punishments for nonviolent offenders. There are two basic community corrections models in the United States. In the first model, integrated community corrections programs combine sentencing guidelines and judicial discretion (front-end) with a variety of alternative sanctions and parole and probation options. In the second model, some states have instituted programs in which correctional officials may direct already sentenced offenders into alternativeRead MoreEssay about Incarcerated Offender Reentry Plan635 Words   |  3 Pageswe ask? What benefits would the state incur by immediately implementing an incarcerated offender reentry plan? Additionally, we ask? How would the immediate implementation of an incarcerated offender reentry plan affect a community’s economy and security? Perhaps, to effectively consider the impact of these questions I will need to determine why there is a need to immediately implement an incarcerated offender reentry plan. To do that, I will consider some statistical data: the Bureau of JusticeRead MoreCommunity Supervision of Law Violators vs. Incarceration Essay1229 Words   |  5 Pagessupervision of law violators can achieve similar advantages and prevent the disadvantages of incarceration. There are both advantages and disadvantages to community corrections and incarceration. I support community corrections because I believe it has more positives outcomes and less negative effects than incarceration. Community corrections have more advantages over incarceration and fewer disadvantages. Incarcerating people isn’t working that well and the biggest reason is the overcrowding of prisonsRead More Home Confinement is the Solution to Prison Overcrowding Essay1275 Words   |  6 Pagesimportant when overcrowding forces prisoners to be granted early release. In cases of extreme brutality, the sentence served by criminals can be short. Because prison space in the city is tight, each offender can be accommodated only briefly (Punishment). Prison overcrowding causes a controversy of positive and negative views concerning the construction of more prisons. Supporters claim that building more prisons is the only solution, while opponents argue that alternative methods could beRead MoreThe Juvenile Justice System Is A State Level System Of Juvenile Correctional Facilities1597 Words   |  7 Pagesdrugs, carrying or selling weapons illegally, simple assaults, and sexual assaults. According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, â€Å"Known juvenile offenders were involved in about 610 murders in the U.S. in 2013, representing about 7% of all known murder offenders† (http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03105.asp?qaDate=2013). Before the nineteenth century, there was no such thing as a juvenile justice system. Children and adults were housed in the same facilities. ChildRead MoreDefining Punitive, Punishment, and Significant in the Justice System903 Words   |  4 Pages Of course these Justices tend to be more liberal. Kennedy, however - who calls himself a libertarian but is clearly conservative, in my mind - reasoned that â€Å"the act was clearly intended as a civil, non-punitive means of identifying previous offenders for the protection of the public †¦ and â€Å"found that the stigma, which could result from registration, did not render the act effectively punitive, since the dissemination of the registration information did not constitute the imposition of any significantRead MoreRestorative Justice And The Justice System1044 Words   |  5 PagesB) an approach of justice that aims to satisfy the needs of the victims and offenders, as well as the entire community. The most broadly accepte d definition of restorative justice, however, is a process where all the parties that have equal power in a specific offense and collectively come to a solution on how to deal with the proper punishment. This process is largely focused on the participation of victim and offender in aims to provide a healing opportunity. That is to say, it is not a victim-centeredRead MoreThe Problem Of Prison Overcrowding1572 Words   |  7 Pagesand a loss in opportunities for self-amelioration and rehabilitative programs. Prison overcrowding in California is an exigent and imperative issue that must be taken care of immediately afore it grows out of the people’s reach. After years of controversy and a timeline of events over the decades-long saga, people are able to understand how much the growth of imprisonment has increased over the years. In September 1995, California’s mental health programs were placed under special control after aRead MoreThe United States Corrections System990 Words   |  4 PagesThe United States corrections system is organized distinctive structures that retain certain similarities with the Chinese prisons system. However there remain significant points of departure such as the prevalence of privately run correctional facilities in the United States. This differs greatly from the Chinese system of corrections which relies solely on government-operated public prisons whereby the state does not seek profit as is the case with private prisons (Shen, 2015). The American justice

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Challenges of Bowhunting Free Essays

Mr. Hinson Challenges of Bow hunting Hunters everywhere are presented with a number of challenges that arise with each hunt. Bow hunters are no exception to this. We will write a custom essay sample on Challenges of Bowhunting or any similar topic only for you Order Now In most cases, bow hunters are faced with many more challenges than someone hunting with a firearm. Some challenges include the extensive preparation that has to be done before each hunt, as well as being cognizant and knowledgeable of all of the different types of each piece of equipment and knowing which to choose. The extensive preparation required to be a successful bow hunter is indeed an adequate challenge. Unlike hunting with a firearm, someone cannot walk blindly into a deer stand and stand a chance at harvesting a deer. One must prepare. The preparation should begin with finding a bow that â€Å"fits† the hunter, one they are comfortable with. Things must be adjusted to suit the one who will be hunting with it. Things like the draw weight which is the amount of weight require to pull the bow to â€Å"full draw’ so it can be shot. After this, the hunter should practice shooting this bow to develop proper form and muscle memory well before season. Not only must this be mastered, but the hunter has to be comfortable shooting from different ositions such as sitting down or standing up. But Wait! It gets better! One must know which positions are acceptable for the deer to be in for an ethical shot to be taken. For example, if a Touchton deer was shot in the same place quartering away as if it was standing broadside, the vitals would be missed. This is only one example of why someone must have sufficient practice shooting their bow. Moving on to the next step in prepping; Scouting. Scouting is essential to having a successful season. In this case, success is defined as harvesting mature deer, both bucks and doe. So how does one scout? Scouting is done by walking around the property which the hunter will hunt, looking for signs of deer activity. A few signs of deer activity are tracks, trails, and beddings areas. Once trails and feeding areas are located, trail cameras are usually placed along them to capture pictures and videos of the deer in the area. This allows the hunter to know the deer on the property. This in turn allows the deer to be â€Å"picked out† and patterned. Once a deer is picked and patterned, a stand has to be placed to give the hunter the best possible opportunity to harvest deer. Obviously, this is not a one day project. It actually takes a good bit of time. Another mentionable challenge is being cognizant of all of the different types of equipment that can be used in this sport. Let’s start with finding a bow. As I mentioned before, it important to find a bow that â€Å"fits† the hunter. One that has all of the specifications that hunter may want. So that’s all, right? Wrong. The right bow was found, but what about the necessary accessories? One crucial accessory would be the sights on the bow. Sights are tor aiming the bow, without them, a hunter would not hit what he or she was aiming at. Another piece of equipment of equal alue is a release. A release is what is used to release the bowstring to let the arrow fly. As with the sights, there are many to choose from. There are two main types of releases, a caliper and a thumb style. The best to get depends on who is asked. So Touchton it a preference. And what will be shot from this bow? That’s right, an arrow. Once again, there are many to be chosen from. Different arrows vary in strength, weight, dynamics, and so on. The right choice depends on the strength and speed of the bow it will be shot out of. Another important piece of equipment is the broad head. One should research thoroughly to determine the most reliable and effective one. Again, mainly a preference. There are fixed blade and mechanical broad heads. Fixed blades are Just what the name implies, they do not change during flight or impact. Mechanical broad heads however open upon impact, theoretically producing a larger wound channel. Now I am ready to hunt! Not so fast! Though stalking deer may be done, most chose to hunt deer from a tree stand or ground blind. The right type of stand depends solely on the preference of the hunter and the environment being hunted. Whether it be a Lock-on style, a climbing stand, a tree stand, or a ground blind. Along with knowing which stand to pick, knowing where to place it is a whole other challenge. It must be close enough to compensate for the limited range for a bow, but not too close so it alerts the game being hunted. As every bow hunter knows, this preparation takes months and no one step is more important than the other! Also, being cognizant and knowledgeable of all of the different types of each piece of equipment and knowing which to choose is equally important. A hunter must have all of these things ready before opening day! How to cite Challenges of Bowhunting, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

What Is Theater And What Does It Consist Of Essay Example

What Is Theater And What Does It Consist Of Essay What is theater and what does it consist of? A theater is a building, a structure, or a space in which dramatic performances take place. In its broadest sense theater can be defined as including everything connected with dramatic art- the play itself, the stage with its scenery and lighting, makeup, costumes, acting, and actors. Theaters have changed over the years. The most memorable began with medieval theaters, then on to Renaissance Theaters, and later on Twentieth Century Theaters. Medieval theaters brought forth, miracle plays, which were performed in church. These stories usually come from the Bible. In the beginning, they were acted out by priests. The plays were presented in the church to create a closer setting between the audience and the performers. Later the plays were moved into the street, where the audience could stand and watch the performance. These plays took place on platforms, either in front of the audience or between them. Platforms were often complexes in their decoration and stage machinery. As the plays moved to the streets, acting was moved from priesthood to amateurs of the guild or professional players. Renaissance theaters in Italy were attempted to be made on Roman models. The development of theaters from that was not dominant until the twentieth century. In England and Spain, theories of theater construction were less tied to classical examples than in Italy. The Spanish theater developed in the corral or courtyard of various large buildings, where plays were originally performed, while the inn-yard served as a similar model in England. These theaters offered a higher flexibility of movement than did the Italian. Later on English audiences became astonishingly aristocratic, a tendency that went on into the Restoration Period. Twentieth Century theaters were smaller and more independent. They were also prevalent in the early twentieth century as in the Provincetown Players in the United S

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Growth Opportunities for Indian Automotive Manufacturers

Growth Opportunities for Indian Automotive Manufacturers Free Online Research Papers Being one of the important contributors to world economies, the automotive industry has been subject to globalization in the western world for a long time now. Need for high resource commitments, nature of the industry (scale sensitivity), the current stage in the industry life cycle, increasing competition and declining unit profit margins have forced automobile manufacturers to merge, form alliances or co-operate in the field of RD, production , marketing and distribution. The formation of global oligopolies first by regional consolidation and then on a global scale has been evident from the spate of mergers and strategic alliances. In the backdrop of mega mergers there has also been a change in the strategies of the global component suppliers. With the tierization of suppliers, the Tier 1 suppliers (those who directly supply to the OEM’s) have increasingly taken on the role of module integrators and have come under severe cost pressure from OEM’s as a direct result. The OEM–vendor relationship has changed drastically over the last five years and it is now cost not allegiances, which determine who carmaker, buys from. Thus they too have taken the consolidation route to survive in the times of intense cost competition. The above trends have prompted them to look at emerging countries for component and vehicle manufacture due to the inherent advantages in production and potentially large markets. As it makes less sense to focus on the geographical origins of the components or assemblage (as long as the brand guarantees as certain level of quality), there has been a gradual re-orientation in the perspective of automobile manufacturers. Research Papers on Growth Opportunities for Indian Automotive ManufacturersOpen Architechture a white paperBionic Assembly System: A New Concept of SelfDefinition of Export QuotasTwilight of the UAWPETSTEL analysis of IndiaIncorporating Risk and Uncertainty Factor in CapitalMarketing of Lifeboy Soap A Unilever ProductThe Project Managment Office SystemGenetic EngineeringRelationship between Media Coverage and Social and

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Dreams as Narrative Structure in Wide Sargasso Sea

Dreams as Narrative Structure in Wide Sargasso Sea â€Å"I waited a long time after I heard her snore, then I got up, took the keys and unlocked the door. I was outside holding my candle. Now at last I know why I was brought here and what I have to do† (190). Jean Rhys’s novel, Wide Sargasso Sea (1966),  is a post-colonial response to Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre (1847). The novel  has become a contemporary classic in its own right. In the narrative, the main character, Antoinette, has a series of dreams which serve as a skeletal structure for the book and also as a means of empowerment for Antoinette. The dreams serve as an outlet for Antoinette’s true emotions, which she cannot express in a normal fashion. The dreams also become a guide for how she will take back her own life. While the dreams foreshadow events for the reader, they also illustrate the maturity of the character, each dream becoming more complicated than the previous. Each of the three dreams surface in Antoinette’s mind at a crucial point in the character’s waking life and the development of each dream represents the development of the character throughout the story.   The first dream takes place when Antoinette is a young girl. She had tried to befriend a black Jamaican girl, Tia, who ended up betraying her friendship by stealing her money and her dress, and by calling her â€Å"white nigger† (26). This first dream clearly outlines Antoinette’s fear about what happened earlier in the day and her youthful naivety: I dreamed that I was walking in the forest. Not alone. Someone who hated me was with me, out of sight. I could hear heavy footsteps coming closer and though I struggled and screamed I could not move  (26-27). The dream not only points out her new fears, which have stemmed from the abuse received by her â€Å"friend,† Tia, but also the detachment of her dream world from reality. The dream points out her confusion about what is happening in the world around her. She does not know, in the dream, who is following her, which underlines the fact that she does not realize how many people in Jamaica wish her and her family harm. The fact that, in this dream, she uses only the  past tense, suggests that Antoinette is not yet developed enough to know that the dreams are representational of her life.                                                   Ã‚   Antoinette gains empowerment from this dream, in that it is her first warning of danger.   She wakes up and recognizes that â€Å"nothing would be the same. It would change and go on changing† (27). These words foreshadow future events: the burning of Coulibri, the second betrayal of Tia (when she throws the rock at Antoinette), and her eventual departure from Jamaica. The first dream has matured her mind a bit to the possibility that all things may not be well. Antoinette’s second dream occurs while she is at the convent. Her step-father comes to visit and give her news that a suitor will be coming for her. Antoinette is mortified by this news, saying â€Å"[i]t was like that morning when I found the dead horse. Say nothing and it may not be true† (59). The dream she has that night is, again, frightening but important: Again I have left the house at Coulibri. It is still night and I am walking towards the forest. I am wearing a long dress and thin slippers, so I walk with difficulty, following the man who is with me and holding up the skirt of my dress. It is white and beautiful and I don’t wish to get it soiled. I follow him, sick with fear but I make no effort to save myself; if anyone were to try to save me, I would refuse. This must happen. Now we have reached the forest. We are under the tall dark trees and there is no wind.‘Here?’ He turns and looks at me, his face black with hatred, and when I see this I begin to cry. He smiles slyly.   ‘Not here, not yet,’ he says, and I follow him, weeping. Now I do not try to hold up my dress, it trails in the dirt, my beautiful dress. We are no longer in the forest but in an enclosed garden surrounded by a stone wall and the trees are different trees. I do not know them. There are steps leading upwards. It is too dark t o see the wall or the steps, but I know they are there and I think, ‘It will be when I go up these steps. At the top.’ I stumble over my dress and cannot get up. I touch a tree and my arms hold on to it.   ‘Here, here.’ But I think I will not go any further. The tree sways and jerks as if it is trying to throw me off. Still I cling and the seconds pass and each one is a thousand years. ‘Here, in here,’ a strange voice said, and the tree stopped swaying and jerking. (60) The first observation that can be made by studying this dream is that Antoinette’s character is maturing and becoming more complex. The dream is darker than the first, filled with much more detail and imagery. This suggests that Antoinette is more aware of the world around her, but the confusion of where she is going and who the man guiding her is, makes it clear that Antoinette is still unsure of herself, simply following along because she does not know what else to do.   Secondly, one must note that, unlike the first dream, this is told in the present tense, as if it is happening at the moment and the reader is meant to listen in. Why does she narrate the dream like a story, rather than a memory, as she told it after the first? The answer to this question must be that this dream is a part of her rather than simply something she vaguely experienced. In the first dream, Antoinette does not recognize at all where she is walking or who is chasing her; however, in this dream, while there is still some confusion, she does know that she is in the forest outside Coulibri and that it is a man, rather than â€Å"someone.† Also, the second dream alludes to future events. It is known that her step-father plans to marry Antoinette to an available suitor. The white dress, which she tries to keep from getting â€Å"soiled† represents her being forced into a sexual and emotional relationship. One can assume, then, that the white dress represents a wedding dress and that the â€Å"dark man† would represent Rochester, who she eventually marries and who does eventually grow to hate her.   Thus, if the man represents Rochester, then it is also certain that the changing of the forest at Coulibri into a garden with â€Å"different trees† must represent Antoinette’s leaving the wild Caribbean for â€Å"proper† England. The eventual ending of Antoinette’s physical journey is Rochester’s attic in England and this, also, is foreshadowed in her dream: â€Å"[i]t will be when I go up these steps. At the top.† The third dream takes place in the attic at Thornfield. Again, it takes place after a significant moment; Antoinette had been told by Grace Poole, her caretaker, that she had attacked Richard Mason when he came to visit. At this point, Antoinette has lost all sense of reality or geography. Poole tells her that they are in England and Antoinette responds, â€Å"‘I don’t believe it . . . and I never will believe it’† (183). This confusion of identity and placement carries on into her dream, where it is unclear whether or not Antoinette is awake and relating from memory, or dreaming. The reader is led into the dream, first, by Antoinette’s episode with the red dress. The dream becomes a continuation of the foreshadowing set forth by this dress: â€Å"I let the dress fall on the floor, and looked from the fire to the dress and from the dress to the fire† (186). She continues, â€Å"I looked at the dress on the floor and it was as if the fire had spread across the room. It was beautiful and it reminded me of something I must do. I will remember I thought. I will remember quite soon now† (187). From here, the dream immediately begins. This dream is much longer than both previous and is explained as if not a dream, but reality. This time, the dream is not singularly past tense or present tense, but a combination of both because Antoinette seems to be telling it from memory, as if the events actually happened. She incorporates her dream events with events that had actually taken place: â€Å"At last I was in the hall where a lamp was burning. I remember that when I came. A lamp and the dark staircase and the veil over my face. They think I don’t remember but I do† (188). As her dream progresses, she begins entertaining even more distant memories. She sees Christophine, even asking her for help, which is provided by â€Å"a wall of fire† (189). Antoinette ends up outside, on the battlements, where she remembers many things from her childhood, which flow seamlessly between past and present: I saw the grandfather clock and Aunt Coras patchwork, all colours, I saw the orchids and the stephanotis and the jasmine and the tree of life in flames. I saw the chandelier and the red carpet downstairs and the bamboos and the tree ferns, the gold ferns and the silver . . . and the picture of the Millers Daughter. I heard the parrot call as he did when he saw a stranger, Qui est la? Qui est la? and the man who hated me was calling too, Bertha! Bertha! The wind caught my hair and it streamed out like wings. It might bear me up, I thought, if I jumped to those hard stones. But when I looked over the edge I saw the pool at Coulibri. Tia was there. She beckoned to me and when I hesitated, she laughed. I heard her say, You frightened? And I heard the mans voice, Bertha! Bertha! All this I saw and heard in a fraction of a second. And the sky so red. Someone screamed and I thought Why did I scream? I called Tia! and jumped and woke. (189-90) This dream is filled with symbolism which are important to the reader’s understanding of what has happened and what will happen. They are also a guide to Antoinette. The grandfather clock and flowers, for example, bring Antoinette back to her childhood where she was not always safe but, for a time, felt like she belonged. The fire, which is warm and colorfully red represents the Caribbean, which was Antoinette’s home. She realizes, when Tia calls to her, that her place was in Jamaica all along. Many people wanted Antoinette’s family gone, Coulibri was burned, and yet, in Jamaica, Antoinette had a home. Her identity was ripped away from her by the move to England and especially by Rochester, who, for a time, has been calling her â€Å"Bertha,† a made up name. Each of the dreams in Wide Sargasso Sea has an important significance to the development of the book and the development of Antoinette as a character. The first dream displays her innocence to the reader while awakening Antoinette to the fact that there is real danger ahead. In the second dream, Antoinette foreshadows her own marriage to Rochester and her removal from the Caribbean, where she is no longer sure she belongs. Finally, in the third dream, Antoinette is given back her sense of identity. This last dream provides Antoinette with a course of action for breaking free of her subjugation as Bertha Mason while also foreshadowing to the reader events to come in Jane Eyre.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Cymap Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words

Cymap - Coursework Example It measures 8.5 metres going across (east-west) and is 2.5 metres going up and down (north-south). Room B60 is a rectangle, while Room B62 is a bit oddly-shaped. There is a space between the office and the wall of the S/W room of about 6 metres across and 3.5 metres up and down. There are (what can only be assumed to be) marks meaning doorways, in 4 areas of the building. The S/W room has no doorway out except through the backway. Similarly, Rooms B60, B62, and the Office only have one doorway out apiece. Both B60 and B62 have doorways at the back, while the Office doorway is on the side and leads to Room B62 where the fourth doorway is at the back of the building. This could prove to be logistically difficult if one needed to get into or out of any of the rooms but the one doorway in each room were blocked. This would most definitely be a fire hazard. III. Project Wizard Since the building floor plan has been designed, now the process of services design can begin. The Cymap project is going to be defined. Next, the different aspects (stages IV through VI) can be designed in their proper sequence. For our purposes, we are going to develop these stages independently, one after another. However, the same sequence will be followed. On small tasks, only one service might be needed. It is assumed that this project will use the floor plan as given, and one or more types of services. This is contained within the entirety of this single project—which can then be linked to the floor plan in Cymap. In order to start a new project, I went to File, and then clicked on â€Å"New† to open the â€Å"New Project Wizard.† This helped set up my floor plan, and helped define the geometry and profiles of the rooms in the project and provided me... This lab report shows what was designed in Cymap with a hand-drawn drawing what the author actually did when the author was going step-by-step through the automated computer program, which generated several of the necessary defaults. For most places where the author was asked to enter figures, the author usually went with what was the minimum limit because the author didn’t want to stress out the system or use all of my maximum limits with various figures—such as the cable lengths. Many of the figures were variable, but Cymap definitely made the process easier. The wiring program was used to define the inter-connectability of all the rooms, allowing the generation of a list of components required to complete the necessary installations. From the menu, the author selected â€Å"Electrical,† then selected Wiring 17th Edition, then opening the new Wiring file which the author used to incorporate the main incomer and the switchboard. The author selected the IEE BS767 1 Standard, because obviously the Wiring 16th Edition was old (the source used for this paper was actually too old, so the author made sure to choose the 17th Edition as demanded by the UK Wiring Regulations from 2008). When the General Information dialogue box appeared, in the General tab, the author added my own name, Abdullah, as a reference name for the file and selected BS7671_17th + ERA 2008.DBY as the cable database. The author also selected the CPD database. The author included a supply transformer. The author used a 5% impedance and selected an earth type the author thought was appropriate.